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Political, Social, and Economic Determinants of Health

Buy custom Political, Social, and Economic Determinants of Health essay

Buy custom Political, Social, and Economic Determinants of Health essay

In the determination of a population health, government and independent researchers use quantifiable health indicators that include mortality rate, birth rate, and dietary as well as other aspects. In a combined matrix from studies that have examined health indicators in different countries, it is objective to conclude that social, economic, and political factors affect the average health of a population. The rationale of this paper is to triangulate facts from credible sources and decipher how social, economic, and political environments determine the health of a country or region. 

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According to Carey and Crammond (2015), individuals’ social life is the biggest determinant of social health. The day-to-day routines can alter a person’s health as well shift the life expectancy age. In social aspects, the authors have explored both the effects of socialism on both psychological and physiological health. Those who live in supportive social settings develop the mental stability and lifestyle-related chronic diseases. Conversely, individuals living in poor social conditions are predisposed to possible health hazards. Ottesen, Frenk, and Horton (2015) conducted a research to determine the difference between global health risks. The researcher have found out that social and cultural parameters were key players in indicating the health risk.

In aditional to social factors, the economic status of a population also affects the average health. In a cross-examination, it is rational to argue that social status and economy affect each other interchangeably. For instance, a country with weak economy leads to low social status and standards of living. Equally, a country with a higher gross income enhances a higher social status. As outlined by Hastings (2015), a thriving economy boosts public health through distinctive ways. To begin with, the availability of higher disposable income leads to sufficient and balanced diets, thus promoting physiological health. Additionally, a strong economy protects the workers from exhaustive physical activities. In weak economies, workers are oppressed and they work in poor conditions, thus increasing their health risk index (Ottesen, Frenk, Horton, 2015).

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The political ideologies also have a significant effect on the public health indicators. The governing policies lead to the efficiency or inefficiency of the public health sector and government medical experiments (Navarro et al., 2006). In this review, the authors examine how government policies such as recruitment, billing systems, training, and other aspects affects the public health in the end. According to Rothstein (2014), the government policies can lead to regional segregation and consequently poor social and economic life. For instance, Rothstein (2014) asserts that the US goovernment has handled discrimination of some parts such as Ferguson and St.Louis. Currently, these places experience lower health indicators and higher health risk. In a retrospect, discriminatory policies have led to social stratification where the health of individuals from the lower class deteriorates as dictated by physical and psychological environments. Moreover, the government can influence the public health through management policies and budget allocation. As such, regions with health supportive governments are likely to have healthier citizens and efficient medical care delivery. Inclusively, the government affects all the social, economic, and political determinants of health. For instance, poor governance leads to the poor economy, thus automatically causing poor diets and healthcare. The poor economic factors further cause poor social settings and unhygienic physical and psychological environments. As such, the social, economic, and political determinants of health intertwine to affect in each other causal cycle and interchangeably.

Unarguably, the social, economic, and political aspects work together in shifting the health indicators in particular society. When one of the three shifts, it is likely to affect the other two, later affecting the social health. However, the government health policy might not alter the social and economic factors but it would still independently affect the health indicators.

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