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Sociology Issues: Status and Role, Social Institutions, Conflicts, Socialization Aspect and Social Values

Buy custom Sociology Issues: Status and Role, Social Institutions, Conflicts, Socialization Aspect and Social Values essay

Buy custom Sociology Issues: Status and Role, Social Institutions, Conflicts, Socialization Aspect and Social Values essay

Socialization

According to Baker and Fenning (2011), the display of emotional development amongst children is believed to be socialized. Furthermore, there are different forms of potential environmental contributions to emotional development amongst children which are depicted to be directly associated with distinctive parental degree of influence. In expounding the degree of parental influence towards children, the authors agree to three facets which are immediate parent response towards their children emotions, parental degree of expressiveness as well as forms of parent-to-child evaluation of emotions.

It is further noted that the supportive socialization amongst children perception of emotions enhance their exploitative capabilities in relation to their immediate surroundings. Thus, they are allowed to evaluate and regulate different forms of emotions in cases of upsetting situations. The fundamental position upon which little children gather and acquire emotional magnitudes rests on parental coaching especially when it involves intense discussions on different structural situations as well as level of acceptance Baker and Fenning (2011).

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In the course of parental coaching to their children on matters pertaining to socialization, it is safe to postulate that the immediate children emotional socialization aspect should adhere to such facets as parental reactions as well as their attitudes as a predictor in socialization coaching.

Social Values

According to Tsirogianni and Gaskell (2011), social values amongst individuals are sourced from different forms of human experience. Furthermore, it is noted that these human experiences assists in the process of analyzing of different states and happenings which guide human behavior. It is noted that values are attributed to individuals being prompted to act in a distinctive manner towards different forms of situations. The significance of values rests on the assumptions that they aid in expressing different attitudes as well as human desires in the course of the socialization process. Unlike social norms whereby individual members of the society are obligated to commit, with social values these members commit out of personal choice. Thus, it is fair to indicate that social values allow individuals some degree of freedom in the course of commitment. Social values are defined as social forms of beliefs as well as systems which function as gudance to the principles of one’s life (Tsirogianni & Gaskell, 2011).

Further, the article expounds on social values as having two different features which are normative component whereby values are distinguished on the platform of whether they are ought to be, or not to be cases. This means that they embrace a sense of moral imperativeness. Also, they carry out functions with a unique social mechanism. Social mechanism offer different forms of shared prescriptions given the fact that they are results of either implicit or explicit decisions made by different groups in society. Significantly, social values are perceived to be a channel through which natural groups distinguish social orders within the society.

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Social Conflict

In addressing the different social conflicts existing within the society, Kindsvatter and Desmond (2013) puts a light on the parent-child form of conflict. Notably, the article expounds on the parent-child form of conflict in regards to the attachment theory. In the course of counseling, Kindsvatter and Desmond (2013) note that parents attribute parent-child conflicts as a portrayal of internal disturbance to the intrapersonal purpose of the child at hand. It is noted that most of the modernized forms of counseling procedures and standards are directed towards intrapersonal descriptions in respect to behaviors of children. The parent-child relationship patterns which exist within families are considered to be key contributors of parent-child conflicts. The article further expounds on the assumption that the attachment theory used in evaluating the conflict is conceptualized. This means that the parent-child conflict is associated with overlooked attachment expectations of both children and their respective parents.

The ever-growing cases of parent-child conflict are based on the assumption that individual members of the society embrace different experiences as well as anticipation disorders of the aforementioned relationships. As a main cause of parent-child conflict, parental insecurity amongst parents is perceived to be a result of chronic behaviors which are likely to have been instilled within them in their course of childhood periods. The article further stipulates that children who are subjects to parental insecurity experience numerous models of parental abandonment intimidations. The solutions to this form of conflict rest on the engagement frame whereby attributes of collaboration, trust and openness are encouraged between parents and their chiildren Kindsvatter and Desmond (2013).

Social Institutions

According to an article by Englund (2009), such social institutions as a general school system is significant in the development of social capital. The article focuses on the Swedish society. Social capital is described as different networks which exist amongst individuals as well as different levels of trustworthiness and reciprocity which arise from their actions. It is noted that the effort made in order to compel people to trust forms the basis upon which democracies are established. In Sweden, the educational system was formulated as a universal institution upon which character and meeting place was to be developed. It is further noted that the meeting place was common to all hence did not segregate in terms of equality of classes in the society. However, the educational system was later changed to allow for the right to choose hence introductions of developed independent schools. Thus, according to the article it is safe to assume that teachers were hired to act as mediators between the sitting government and the students. This, in turn, had clear implications given the fact that teachers were key mediators of knowledge and also, they assumed the function of evaluating the student’s achievement levels hence completing the cycle associated with educational systems. In Sweden, educational systems were used as platforms for exercising institutionalized socialization aspects, which conformed to distinctive societal values and norms at a public domain in contrast to its private level counterpart which focused on the family.

Status and Role

In the article How do industrial psychologists and human resource management practioner perceive their status and job satisfaction? the issue of roles and status is expounded in regards to sociology (Donald, 2012). The article argues that industrial psychologists have lost relevance as a profession over time thus, they are perceived as marginal given the fact that they are no longer needed in organizations. This is evidently clear whenever they embrace HRM functions rather than concentrating on psychological acts which are reserved for them. This intermingling of roles has been perceived to be the root cause of identity crisis in respect to the profession of industrial psychology. Thus, it is safe to assume that roles of a given profession are closely interlinked with its status in order to bring about job satisfaction in the work place.

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